Agent Orange Cancers and Diseases


Agent Orange Has Been Linked to Cancer and Other Diseases

The following epidemiological studies have linked Agent Orange to cancer and other health effects:


There is sufficient evidence from epidemiological studies to associate the following cancers and diseases with Agent Orange:
  • Soft-tissue sarcoma but not osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, or mesothelioma
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Hodgkin disease
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)


There is some limited evidence suggestive of an association between the following cancers and Agent Orange:

  • Respiratory cancers such as lung cancer, tracheal cancer, laryngeal cancer, and bronchial cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Multiple myeloma


Other health problems have been linked with Agent Orange exposure, such as:

  • High levels of dioxin exposure are associated with chloracne, a distinctive form of acne
  • Birth defects or neural tube defects
  • Neurotoxicity, including neuropsychiatric dysfunction, deficits in motor function, and peripheral neuropathy
  • Diabetes
  • Paternal Agent Orange exposure and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in children


Since past Agent Orange exposure is difficult to quantify, the VA classifies a veteran who served in Vietnam between 1962 and 1975 who has been afflicted with an Agent Orange related condition as having a service-related disability.