can affect almost every part of the body. It frequently
causes skin problems. In some cases, these conditions are specific to
people with diabetes. For example, the skin of diabetic individuals
tends to be thicker than that of nondiabetics. Other conditions, such as
dry skin, are common in the general population but may be more severe
for people with diabetes.
diabetic skin problems occur when glucose (blood sugar) levels are too
high. High glucose (hyperglycemia) causes fluid loss because the body
turns water into urine in an attempt to rid the body of the excess
with diabetes who develop skin conditions are advised to seek medical
treatment. This is particularly true if the condition causes itchiness
and chronic scratching, which can lead to infection and cause
with diabetes can take precautions to ward off skin problems.
Controlling glucose levels is the primary means of preventing skin from
drying or becoming infected with bacteria. Patients can also take other
steps, such as using a humidifier to keep air moist in the winter or
keeping skin clean and moisturized.
addition, skin ointments can help people with diabetes treat some skin
conditions. These ointments include emollients, urea-based products, and
corticosteroid and antimicrobial creams.
Different ointments are appropriate for different conditions. For
example, moisturizers can prevent dry skin, which occurs when high
glucose levels or the nerve disease diabetic neuropathy cause the body
to lose fluids. Antibiotic creams may treat bacterial infections, and
antifungals help fight nail fungus and yeast infections.